core + health-lifesci (Health and Lifesciences Extension): terms relating to healthcare, medicine and the life sciences.


Defined in the extension.
Canonical URL:

Thing > MedicalEntity

The most generic type of entity related to health and the practice of medicine.

Usage: Between 100 and 1000 domains
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from MedicalEntity
code MedicalCode A medical code for the entity, taken from a controlled vocabulary or ontology such as ICD-9, DiseasesDB, MeSH, SNOMED-CT, RxNorm, etc.
guideline MedicalGuideline A medical guideline related to this entity.
legalStatus DrugLegalStatus  or
MedicalEnumeration  or
The drug or supplement's legal status, including any controlled substance schedules that apply.
medicineSystem MedicineSystem The system of medicine that includes this MedicalEntity, for example 'evidence-based', 'homeopathic', 'chiropractic', etc.
recognizingAuthority Organization If applicable, the organization that officially recognizes this entity as part of its endorsed system of medicine.
relevantSpecialty MedicalSpecialty If applicable, a medical specialty in which this entity is relevant.
study MedicalStudy A medical study or trial related to this entity.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A description of the item.
disambiguatingDescription Text A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.
identifier PropertyValue  or
Text  or
The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of Thing, such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See background notes for more details.
image ImageObject  or
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
mainEntityOfPage CreativeWork  or
Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes for details.
Inverse property: mainEntity.
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.
url URL URL of the item.

Instances of MedicalEntity may appear as values for the following properties

PropertyOn TypesDescription
adverseOutcome MedicalDevice  or
A possible complication and/or side effect of this therapy. If it is known that an adverse outcome is serious (resulting in death, disability, or permanent damage; requiring hospitalization; or is otherwise life-threatening or requires immediate medical attention), tag it as a seriouseAdverseOutcome instead.
causeOf MedicalCause The condition, complication, symptom, sign, etc. caused.
estimatesRiskOf MedicalRiskEstimator The condition, complication, or symptom whose risk is being estimated.
functionalClass Joint The degree of mobility the joint allows.
guidelineSubject MedicalGuideline The medical conditions, treatments, etc. that are the subject of the guideline.
increasesRiskOf MedicalRiskFactor The condition, complication, etc. influenced by this factor.
outcome MedicalProcedure  or
Expected or actual outcomes of the study.
preparation MedicalProcedure Typical preparation that a patient must undergo before having the procedure performed.
seriousAdverseOutcome MedicalDevice  or
A possible serious complication and/or serious side effect of this therapy. Serious adverse outcomes include those that are life-threatening; result in death, disability, or permanent damage; require hospitalization or prolong existing hospitalization; cause congenital anomalies or birth defects; or jeopardize the patient and may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the outcomes in this definition.
studySubject MedicalStudy A subject of the study, i.e. one of the medical conditions, therapies, devices, drugs, etc. investigated by the study.

More specific Types

Schema Version 3.2